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Paniówki and Chudów

Visiting the Villages of Gieraltowice Municipality

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Entering Paniówki from Chudów

Entering Paniówki from Chudów

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Last August I had visited Chudów Castle and passed the village of Paniówki (read: ...paniuvki...) on my way to that castle. This time I wanted to show these two villages to my wife and to see more of them myself. My wife, who had seen my photographs, was interested in visiting Joanna’s Park and its book-crossing stands, as well as seeing the medieval castle in Chudów (read: ... khudov...), even though we were out of season. The castle season is from May until September. Thus, we saw the main sights of these two villages and could feel their busy atmosphere.
The village of Paniówki is located on both sides of Road 92 (DK 44) in what they call “a triangle of cities” - Gliwice-Mikolow-Zabrze. It is in the heart of the Upper Silesian Industrial Region.
The first mention of Paniówki dates back to 1361. The village of Paniówki was within the Kingdom of Bohemia in the 16th century. After the three Silesian wars between Prussia and Austria, it was included into the Kingdom of Prussia in 1763. Then, after the unification of Prussia with Germany in 1871, it found itself within the borders of Germany. In 1919, according to the results of Silesia reunificatuon poll, Paniówki became a part of the Silesian Voivodeship of Poland. The village currently belongs to the municipality of Gieraltowice of Gliwice County, Silesian Voivodeship.
The village’s coat-of-arms represents a crossed scythe and a rake on a blue background. The tools are golden, while the blade of the scythe is white.

St.Urban's Church  in Paniówki

St.Urban's Church in Paniówki

The village church was solemnly consecrated on November 26,1936. The parish elected Pope St.Urban I (175-230) as the patron of their parish. This pope is known as a patron saint of vineyards, and is associated with agriculture.

St.Urban I Church  in Paniówki

St.Urban I Church in Paniówki

Like in many other churches, there is an icon dedicated to the saint ot to the event that the church is called after. We saw the icon of Pope St.Urban I over the back entrance of the church facing the cemetery.
Joanna Schaffgotsch von Schomberg-Godula was the founder of the church. According to her will, the church was arranged on the land (2.1 ha) bought with funds donated by her to the parish. There is a park named after her and built by social effort. There is also a cemetery and a rectory near the church. The church and the park are in the center of the village in Victory Street ("ulica Zwycięstwa" in Polish).

The stone commemorating the 40th anniversary of the begginning of service of Fr.Henryk Sajdok (the church dean in 1981-2004)

The stone commemorating the 40th anniversary of the begginning of service of Fr.Henryk Sajdok (the church dean in 1981-2004)

Fr.Henryk Sajdok was the dean of the St.Urban’s Church from 1981 until 2004.

St.Urban's Church information board, Paniówki

St.Urban's Church information board, Paniówki

The history of the church of St. Urban in Paniówki dates back to 1909 and to the will of Joanna von Schaffgotsch, the owner of local estates, who allocated 1500 marks for the church in Paniówki and Bujaków. Thanks to the parish priest in Bujaków, Fr. Franciszek Górek, it was possible to materialize the vision of building a temple in Paniówki.
The priest first agreed to the separation of the parish of Paniowy-Paniówki from the church in Bujaków, and then met with Hans Karl von Schaffgotsch – the son of Joanna and the last heir of the family fortune - whom he reminded of the last will of his mother.
The unregulated issues of the ownership of the land plot were the final obstacle on the way to the construction of the church in Paniówki. That obstacle was overcome in 1934, and a year later the Committee for the Construction of the Church in Paniówki was established, approved by the diocesan curia in Katowice.

St.Urban's Church informaiton board, Paniówki

St.Urban's Church informaiton board, Paniówki

Parishioners were involved in the construction of the temple. They collected part of the funds for this purpose and helped in the construction itself. Farmers brought building materials in their own horse-drawn carriages. Only bricklayers and carpenters received full payment for their work.
The construction was supervised by Alfred Pruszkowski - the author of the architectural design of the church. On May 17, 1936, surrounded by many distinguished guests, the cornerstone was laid solemnly. The whole work lasted six months.

St.Urban's Church information board, Paniówki

St.Urban's Church information board, Paniówki

On November 26, 1936, the event, which all the residents of Paniówki were waiting for, took place. It was the solemn consecration of the temple, which was made by Monsignor Wilhelm Kasperlik. In addition to the church, three bells were also consecrated: Christ the King Bell, St. Isidore Bell and St. Urban Bell.
On January 1, 1946, the neighboring village of Chudów was incorporated into the parish. In 1949, the residents of Chudow completed the construction of their own temple.
A year after the erection of the church in Paniówki, the adjacent parish cemetery was opened. Antoni Michalski from Paniówki was the first to be laid to rest there on 22 January 1937.
Initially, the new parish did not have its own priest assigned (the ministry was performed by a vicar from the parish of Paniowy). After the Second World War, efforts to build a rectory were resumed, and ended successfully in 1951. In 1986, the construction of the parish catechetical center was completed, and in 1990, the Pre-burial House was put into use.

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Joanna Gryzik, who became known as Joanna Schaffgotsch von Schomberg-Godula,
is often referred to as the Silesian Cinderella. This is what we learnt about this great woman from the information board.

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The story of Joanna Gryzik from Zabrze near Ruda Slanska, the woman, who was sensitive to the suffering of others, who was a poor half-orphan herself, to whom the fate smiled and who overnight became the owner of a great fortune.

When Joanna’s father died in 1845, her mother was unable to raise her two daughters herself for financial reasons. At the age of four, little Joanna came under the care of Karol Godula, called the "king of zinc" , who was one of the richest industrialists in Europe.
The owner of 59 mines, three zinc smelters, as well as numerous land estates: Szombierek, Orzegowa, Bujakowa, Bobrek and Paniow, before his death (only two years after he had adopted Joanna), he bequeathed all his property to Joanna. According to the will of the donor, from September 1848 Joanna continued her education at the Ursuline Convent in Wrocław.
After a year, the owner of an impressive fortune returned to the palace in Szombierki. In fear of the potential danger from the nephews of the deceased Godula, after a few years she was transported back to Wrocław.
Maximilian Scheffler, who took care of her, arranged for the girl to be given the noble name Gryzik von Schomberg-Godula. Joanna received that noble name from the hands of King Frederick William IV himself. Thus, Joanna, a well-mannered young aristocrat and a millionaire, distinguished by her beauty, and more importantly, by her great personal charm, became an excellent candidate for a wife. Her heart was eventually won by Count Hans Ulrich von Schaffgotsch (1831-1915), whom she married in November 1858. They had four children: Hans Karl, Clara, Elisabeth and Eleonore.

In 1905, the Schaffgotsch estate was estimated at 50 million marks, which meant that Countess Joanna multiplied the inheritance of Charles Godula eightfold. Despite making a fortune, Joanna never forgot about the poorest. Together with her husband, she conducted large-scale charity activities, founding a hospital for local residents, chapels, churches, schools and kindergartens. The Schaffgotschs also financially supported the maintenance of an orphanage for 80 children in Bytom.
Joanna's Park in Paniówki, founded on the initiative of residents at the beginning of the twenty-first century, also owes its name to her. By virtue of her will, in which she did not omit any of the needy, the founder donated free of charge 2.1 ha of land for the construction of the church (also allocating considerable material resources for this purpose), the cemetery and the rectory in Paniówki. Currently, the park is a place of recreation, social meetings and cultural events. There is a playground for children and an open-air gym.

The information board about Joanna's husband Carl Godula in the village park in Paniówki

The information board about Joanna's husband Carl Godula in the village park in Paniówki


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At the entrance to Joanna's Park in Paniówki

At the entrance to Joanna's Park in Paniówki


Sitting Jesus wooden sculpture in Joanna's Park in Paniówki

Sitting Jesus wooden sculpture in Joanna's Park in Paniówki


We exchanged several good books at the bookcrossing storage  in Joanna's Park, Paniówki

We exchanged several good books at the bookcrossing storage in Joanna's Park, Paniówki

We admired the huge and nice building the School and Preschool Complex in Paniówki that was seen from afar.

John Paul II School, Paniówki

John Paul II School, Paniówki

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The School Education Center in Paniówki (right)
The village library, Paniówki

The village library, Paniówki

We saw three roadside crossed in this village: two in Victory Street (built in 1900 and i 1920) and the modern one - in Dworska Street.

The roadside cross in Victory Street (since 1920), Paniówki

The roadside cross in Victory Street (since 1920), Paniówki


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The roadside cross in Victory Street (since 1920)
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The roadside cross in Victory Street (since 1900), Paniówki (left) and the roadside cross in Dworska Street (right)

We walked along Victory Street to reach the castle. There is a left turn near the neglected restaurant. You will not miss the turn since there is a big sign that reads, 800 meters to the castle.

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The neglected restaurant building in Paniówki. It was Verona Restaurant... Why not turn it into the village museum?
Taking a turn to Dworska Street from Victory Street on the way to the old castle, Paniówki

Taking a turn to Dworska Street from Victory Street on the way to the old castle, Paniówki


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Walking along Dworska Street towards the old castle, Paniówki
A funny sign at the gate reads, "I will reach the gate in three seconds, and how about you?"

A funny sign at the gate reads, "I will reach the gate in three seconds, and how about you?"


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The Paniówki Brook in the village.

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Chudów

We approached the old castle and saw a roadside chapel on our way.

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The roadside chapel in Dworska Street not far from the old castle.

The ruins of a Renaissance castle

Chudów Castle

Chudów Castle

Chudów Castle is a partially rebuilt castle dating back to 1532 that stands on a picturesque piece of land. On the plan, it is similar to a square. The four-sided tower currently houses a museum, which presents exhibits acquired during the archaeological research conducted within the castle and related to its history. The museum of this Renaissance castle takes us back several centuries, to the time of splendor of the castle, when the knight's property of Chudów and Paniówka became the property of Jan Gierałtowski.

Chudów Castle

Chudów Castle

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The castle park and old beehives there.

Inside the restaurant, there a museum branch, as it were: you can see the ancient vessels excavated during excavations, you can also see what the foundations and the rebuilt tiled stove, the so-called kachlok, look like. Numerous ebents are organized in the square in front of the Chudów castle from May to September - from a medieval fair to rescue service shows and outdoor cinema screenings.

Głaz narzutowy — the Glacier Boulder

The Glacier Boulder at the entrance to Chudów

The Glacier Boulder at the entrance to Chudów

As you approach the bridge leading to the entrance to the Chudów castle, you will see a large granite boulder to your right. It is a glacier boulder weighing 18.4 tons. The boulder was unearthed during the construction of the A-4 motorway near Taciszów. It probably came to this area from the area of today's Sweden about 20,000 years ago, during the the Pleistocene ice sheet. The petrographic composition corresponds to granodiorite, with characteristic milky white plagioclases, pink potassium feldspars (microcline) and dark mica. The boulder was handed over to the Chudów Castle Foundation by the Rudziniec Forest Inspectorate.

The Glacier Boulder information board, Chudów Castle entrance

The Glacier Boulder information board, Chudów Castle entrance

Chudów
Topola "Tekla"

The Tekla Poplar near Chudów Castle

The Tekla Poplar near Chudów Castle

This eighteenth-century poplar grows by the road near the castle in Chudów. The Tekla Poplar, as this unusual tree is called, is the largest Canadian poplar growing in Poland. Canadian poplar is a hybrid that was created as a result of crossing Eurasian black poplar with American poplar.

Pooh's Hut inside the trunk of the Tekla Poplar

Pooh's Hut inside the trunk of the Tekla Poplar


Under the Tekla icecream parlor, Chudów Castle

Under the Tekla icecream parlor, Chudów Castle

According to measurements carried out in 2013, it has a trunk circumference of 724 cm and a diameter of 230 cm, and its height with a heavily reduced crown is about 25 m. Tekla has an impressive hollow in the trunk, in which the "Pooh's Cottage" is located. Inside the hollow secured by a glass door there are three wooden tables, two benches and two chairs. Poplar has the status of a protected natural monument.

Oberża “Pod Świętem Jerzy”
In the vicinity of the castle there is an additional tourist attraction and the place of different rallies (such as motor-bikers’ rally) - the Black Horse Inn (“Oberża "Czarny Koń" in Polish”).

The Black Horse Restaurant, Chudow

The Black Horse Restaurant, Chudow

Under St. George Inn near Chudów Castle

Under St. George Inn near Chudów Castle

The inn is located right next to the castle. It is nicknamed "Oberża pod Świętem Jerzy" (St.George’s Inn”) and is called the first historical inn in Poland. It was built on the site of the foundations of an authentic medieval inn. The old inn was reproduced with high accuracy. It takes us to the contemporary period of the castle, showing the elements of decor and devices recreated and reconstructed with pedantic accuracy.

The Black Horse Restaurant, Chudow

The Black Horse Restaurant, Chudow

Here you see the preserved relics of a bread oven, whose tiles were reconstructed from the tiles found in the ruins of the castle. This is where you can warm up on cold evenings.

The Black Horse Restaurant, Chudow

The Black Horse Restaurant, Chudow

If you want to visit this place, check the calendar of events on the page of the Black Horse Inn (“Oberża "Czarny Koń" in Polish”).The inn is located right next to the castle.
Oberża "Czarny Koń" on Facebook

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Spacerowa Street and its old tree.
As you leave the castle, turn left and walk all along this short street until you reach the central village street - School Street.
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Some nice views of the village fields and of the nehighboring village of Paniówki.
The old building in School Street , Chudów

The old building in School Street , Chudów


Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church
The village church was another sight we visited after the castle. The church is called Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church. It was built in 1946-1949. We entered the church, even though it was empty, walked inside admiring the sculptures, the stained glass windows and the atmosphere of tranquility.

Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów

Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów


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Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów

Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów


The inscription on the arch of the church reads, "Queen of Angels, pray God for us!"
Praying inside the village church, Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów

Praying inside the village church, Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów


The church foundation stone, Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów

The church foundation stone, Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów


Bas-reliefs inside Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów

Bas-reliefs inside Our Lady the Queen of Angels Church in Chudów


Kapliczka św. Jana Nepomucena
St.John Nepomucene Chapel dates back to 1860. It stands in School Street, opposite the local church in Chudów. It was built on a square plan. It is a brick building, probably made of stone blocks, maybe limestone, regularly hewn.
In the front wall, the door opening is finished with a semicircular arch in which single-leaf wooden doors are embedded. A rectangular niche is visible in the gable wall. The side elevations have small windows in the shape of an "eyelid", ending with a semicircular arch. Inside there was originally a statue of St. John of Nepomuk, dated to the second half of the nineteenth century, made in wood in folk style, polychrome, which was taken away by the previous pastor of the local parish, due to the high degree of destruction by time or people.
Today, in the place of the statue of the saint, there is a figure of Virgin Mary with outstretched hands, covered with a blue coat, standing on a small altar on a small pedestal. Behind the statue of the Virgin Mary you can see a painting of Our Lady the Polish Queen with a Child covering the rear window.

Walking along School Street in Chudów

Walking along School Street in Chudów

The Regional Silesian Folk Museum (since 2005) is in the center of the village, in the former school building. The locals cll it "Izba łod starki". It I run by Mrs. Monika Organiściok, the winner of the first edition of the Silesian Culture Competition "Po naszymu, czyli po śląsku". Here you can see regional costumes and decor of the Silesian house from the early twentieth century.
Here is a TV coverage of a February trip to the castle and visiting the regional Silesian museum: Drogi Powsinogi - 19.02.2023 (TVP3)

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On the way back to the bus stop on Gliwice Street, we walked along Zabrska Street and enjoyed the views of villages houses and fields.

Ot i do (Inside and Out) store in Chudów

Ot i do (Inside and Out) store in Chudów


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The village hotel (under construction) in School Street.
Our Dream House in School Street , Chudów

Our Dream House in School Street , Chudów


Also, we saw what we called "another dream house" in School Street.
School Street,  Chudów

School Street, Chudów


We found out the village soccer team was called "Star"/ The village has a wonderful soccer field.
Star Soccer Team, Chudów

Star Soccer Team, Chudów

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The stadium in Chudów

We reentered the village of Paniówki and saw its southern part.

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We saw that the lavish houses were built farther from the road and closer to the forest...Good idea!
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Walking along Zabrska Street in Paniówki on the way to our bus stop.
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Dino Sypermarket in Paniówki (left) and A side street in the village (right).
A coffeeshop reminder in  Dworska Street, Paniówki...Thanks, it's good to know...

A coffeeshop reminder in Dworska Street, Paniówki...Thanks, it's good to know...

We did not stop for a coffee, and were in a hurry to catch our bus M18. We were just in time. All's well that ends well! We were not tired at all, and our outing was a truly sweet escape. You do know that life becomes so much more fun on such exploration trips, even though they are quite short. Can't wet take a permanent outing?

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Joanna's Park in Paniówki.
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Posted by Vic_IV 08:45 Archived in Poland Tagged upper roadside castle; silesia; chudow silesian paniowki; ciderella'; cross;

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Comments

interesting! I like picture of pooh's hut! :)

by Ils1976

They used the hollow trunk of the poplar, istalled a tiny table and a chair, therefore you can sit and have your coffee there... The tree itself is alive and has some green branches...

by Vic_IV

Book crossing station, awesome! :)

by hennaonthetrek

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