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Monuments and Memorials in Siedlce

Remembering the heroes

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Pilsudski Street, Siedlce

Pilsudski Street, Siedlce

Since both of us are pensioners, we keep walking about the city every day. We started our exploration with the city center and found a great cathedral to pray in. Then we continued in the northern districts, where we are staying. There are different monuments, memorial plaques, cafes and restaurants, parks and gardens almost in every street we walk along.

The monument to  Józef Piłsudski, Siedlce

The monument to Józef Piłsudski, Siedlce


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The Monument to Marshal Józef Piłsudski stands in Independence Square opposite the City Hall. It was designed by Jan Komar, a teacher of Hetman Żółkiewski State Gymnasium in Siedlce. The monument was built and unveiled on November 11, 1930. The monument had to be dismantled shortly after the end of World War II, and it was rebuilt again in 1990 according to new design.

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The current monument was designed by Siedlce sculptor Waldemar Sieczka. The ceremonial unveiling of the monument took place on 11 November 1990. You can see a bas-relief with the image of a face profile of Marshal Józef Piłsudski and a plaque with the inscription "Marshal Józef Piłsudski, Builder of the Reborn Poland, 1930".

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Tadeusz Kościuszko monument – an obelisk topped with a bust of the hero – was erected in 1917 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of his death. Tadeusz Kościuszko visited Siedlce two times in September 1794. During of his first stay in Siedlce, Tadeusz Kośzciuszko in Siedlce he was a guest of Duchess Aleksandra Ogińska and had a meeting with Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz. For the second time Kościuszko stayed in Siedlce during a trip to review the troops stationed near Wiśniewo under the command of General Sierakowski.
There is an inscription engraved on the colum: "To Tadeusz Kościuszko - Podlasie 1817-1917".

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May 7, 1794 – Battle of Połaniec / April 4, 1794 –Battle of Racławice
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July 18, 1792 – Battle of Dubienka / October 10, 1794 – Battle of Maciejowice.
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Another monument to Tadeusz Kościuszko stands in Sekulska Street in the courtyard of Gymnasium No.3.
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The monument to Tadeusz Kościuszko in Sekulska Street.
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There are three monuments to Pope St.John Paul II in Siedlce. One of them stands in John Paul II Square opposite Wladislaw Sikorski Square. The inscription on the pedestal of this monumentt contains the words of John Paul II,

PAX VOBIS
Peace to you, Poland,
my Homeland,
peace to you.

We saw another one in the courtyard of Lord’s Mercy Church.

The monument to St.John Paul II at Lord's Mercy Church, Siedlce

The monument to St.John Paul II at Lord's Mercy Church, Siedlce


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The third (and the latest) monument to Pope St.John Paul II stands in the courtyard of the church bearing his name at 30 Rokowiecka Street in the southern part of Siedlce.

The monument to St.John Paul II in the courtyard of the church bearing his name, Siedlce

The monument to St.John Paul II in the courtyard of the church bearing his name, Siedlce


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The inscription quotes the words of St.John Paul II, ""Do not be afraid! Open the door to Jesus!"
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Martyrs of Pratulin Memorial Cross, Siedlce

Martyrs of Pratulin Memorial Cross, Siedlce

The Cathedral at night, Siedlce

The Cathedral at night, Siedlce

We were impressed by the huge cross that stands on the western outskirts of the city in Błonia District. The 33-meter-high cross commemorates the Mass that was held here in Błonie on June 10, 1999 for half a million of the faithful, where John Paul II pronounced his Homily dedicated to the Cross and to the memory of the Martyrs of Podlasie.
There are 13 granite stones around the Cross, the central one being bigger than others. There were 13 members of the Uniate Church murdered in Pratulin by the Russian army (including the Cossack formations) on January 24, 1874. The victims were praying in front of the temple confiscated by the Russian Orthodox Church within the framework of the then Russification of Poland.
The memorial plaques explain us a lot about the Martyrs of Pratulin Memorial Cross. We know from history that the Martyrs of Pratulin, aka Martyrs of Podlasie, became the Blessed of the Catholic Church.
The central memorial plaque attached to the bigger stone that is in front of the cross is dedicated to Blessed Wincenty Lewoniuk. The memorial plaque reads,
In honor of Blessed Wincenty Lewoniuk,
his twelve Martyrs of Podlasie from Pratulin
.”
The upper memorial plaque on the left side of the Cross reads,
“This cross was sanctified by Jan Wiktor Nowak, Fr. Bishop of Siedlce, during the feast of Trinity, in the Holy Year of the Lord 2001.
Thanks to the efforts of the city authorities, the institutions and workplaces in Siedlce,
the cross was erected on the anniversary of the Apostolic Visit.”
The central memorial plaque at the side of the Cross quotes His Holiness John Paul II, who said in his Homily at the mass at Siedlce Cathedral on June 10, 1999,
“As in the past, the Cross must continue to be present in our lives as a clear pointer to the path to follow and as a light which illumines our whole being...May it bring forth new and courageous proclaimers of the Gospel, who love the Church and take responsibility for the Church, true heralds of the faith, a breed of new men. May they be the ones to light the torch of faith and to carry it burning brightly across the threshold of the third millennium.”
The lower memorial plaque reads, “The intention of the founders of this holy place is that the Cross unites heaven and earth and men among themselves, flourish in our land and become a great tree laden with the fruits of salvation in Siedlce Land. “

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There is another memorial to the beloved Pope John Paul II in Siedlce. It is neither a cross nor a statue of the Pope. It is a small chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Fatima. The inscription on the emorial plaque reads,

Pope John Paul II memorial, Graniczna Street, Siedlce

Pope John Paul II memorial, Graniczna Street, Siedlce


To Our Lady of Fatima
for taking care of our homeland and saving life of the Holy Father John Paul II on May 13, 1981.
To commemorate his apostolic visit in Siedlce on June 10, 1999 and his canonization on April 27, 2014.

November 11, 2015
Grateful residents of Siedlce

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There is another memorial commemorating the apostolic visit of John Paul II in Siedlce on June 10, 1999.
Pope John Paul II memorial chapel in Poniatowski Street in Siedlce

Pope John Paul II memorial chapel in Poniatowski Street in Siedlce


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The Lapidarium is located on the site of the former Catholic cemetery that functioned since 1799. During the Russian occupation of Poland, the old cemetery was enlarged and a separate Orthodox part was added.

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The cemetery was neglected in Communist times and the tombstones were scattered. In the long run, it was liquidated in the eighties of the twentieth century. The remaining valuable tombstones were collected around an eclectic chapel. Now we see this chapel and a large empty field of the former century.

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The Monument to Freedom is our nearest monument in Siedlce. It was built in 1933 in Freedom Square ( Plac Wolności) to commemorate the 15th anniversary of regaining freedom. The ceremonial unveiling of the monument took place on November 12, 1933.

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Freedom monument in Freedom Square, Siedlce

The monument became a favorite meeting place for city residents. In the autumn of 1941, the Nazi invaders put an end to the monument, and it was blown up by them. The monument was restored in 2010. on November 11, 2010, a ceremonial unveiling of the rebuilt obelisk took place. We found out about the history of the monument from its information board.

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The city has three monuments with sitting statues depicting this or that hero:

  • the monument to Stefan Żeromski at the entrance to the city library;
  • the monument to Aleksandra Ogińska in Aleksandra Park;
  • the monument to Ignacy Jan Skorupka near the Tuscan Column.

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The monument to Stefan Żeromski, Siedlce

We liked the monument to a librarian downtown. In fact, it is not an unknown librarian. The man sitting on the bench is Stefan Żeromski (1864-1925), one of the greatest Polish writers, a playwright and a journalist, who also worked as a librarian and did a lot for the development of the library. The monument was made for the 90th anniversary of the city library. It was unveiled on May 12, 2011. Sculptor Stanisław Strzyżyński is the author of the monument.

The monument to Aleksandra Ogińska in Aleksandria Park, Siedlce

The monument to Aleksandra Ogińska in Aleksandria Park, Siedlce


The monument to Ignacy Jan Skorupka, Siedlce

The monument to Ignacy Jan Skorupka, Siedlce

Ignacy Jan Skorupka (1893-1920) was a chapellan of the Polish Army and perished during the Battle of Warsaw on August 14, 1920 at the age of 27. The memorial plaque contains his quote that reads, “I pay off the debt for school entries with my life. I pay for the instilled love of my homeland with the love of my heart.”

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We were very impressed by a great number of war memorials in Siedlce.

Katyn memorial at the wall of St.Stanislas Church, Siedlce

Katyn memorial at the wall of St.Stanislas Church, Siedlce


Katyn memorial to 251 residents of Siedlce, who were butchered by the Soviet authorities in 1940

Katyn memorial to 251 residents of Siedlce, who were butchered by the Soviet authorities in 1940


You can’t help noticing there are many war memorials in Siedlce. The Nazis occupied the city from September 11, 1939 until July 31, 1944. Over 17 thousand residents of Siedlce of Jewish origin were killed in the local ghetto and in the Treblinka extermination camp. There are numerous monuments and memorial plaques to local heroes and to the Polish heroes. I found the Katyn memorial to be very striking. It is on the exterior wall of St.Stanislav Church. It contains the names of several officers killed by the Soviet authorities in 1940.

Freedom Fighters memorial, Siedlce

Freedom Fighters memorial, Siedlce


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Teachers war memorial, Siedlce

Independence Fighters memorial in   Sienkiewicz Street,Siedlce

Independence Fighters memorial in Sienkiewicz Street,Siedlce

A war memorial plaque at the place of execution of ten Polish independence fighters in 1943. The insription on the memorial plaque reads,

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At this point on September 27, 1943, Nazi criminals conducted a public execution of ten Polish fighters for the country's freedom and independence:

Stanislav Cabaj
Kaziemierz Ksiezopolski
Bronislav Kondraciuk
Jerzy Lokiewicz
Jan Wlodarczyk
Boleslav Ston
Jan Ston
Ludwik Zacharczuk
Franciszek Zakrzewski
Piotr Zakrzewski
Honor their memory."

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The Siberians memorial Siedlce.
The Polish people, who were arrested by the Bolsheviks and exiled to Siberia, were called "Siberians" in Poland.
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The monument to the fighters of the Vilnius Brigade, who fell in the battles for the independence of Poland in 1944-1953, Siedlce
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The oldest signs of Jewish settlement in Siedlce come from the seventeenth century. There was the city synagogue, built of brick between 1856 and 1870 to replace the wooden one that burned down in 1851. The large hall was furnished with benches for 800 people. Next to the synagogue were premises for the Jewish Community Council and many religious associations. On the night of 24-25 December 1939, the Germans set fire to the synagogue and destroyed it completely, killing homeless Jewish refugees who had sought refuge in its interior.

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The inscription on the tomb reads,
The place was flooded with the blood of 17,000 Jewish victims of Nazi genicide
22.VIII.1942

The monument to the Jewish victims of Nazi invaders in Siedlce

The monument to the Jewish victims of Nazi invaders in Siedlce


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Foresters memorial, Sekulski Forest, Siedlce

Foresters memorial, Sekulski Forest, Siedlce

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We found the way to the Foresters Memorial located in Sekulski Forest in the south of the city. You can't miss it, if you walk southwards along Artillery Street. You can see a path to the hill crowned with a huge cross. The path is paved with big granite stones from both sides. The grave of the foresters can be found behind the hill. There is a small path that takes you there.
We read the names of the young foresters and their age. They were killed on April 6, 1946 (as we saw it). I think I must find out more about these resistance fighters.
The inscription contains their names, the date of death and words, "Eternal memory." It reads,

Adamiak Jan - 38
Dabrowski Henryk – 19
Lukawski Włodziemierz – 18
Materski Tadeusz – 19
Mascibrodski Jan – 33
Miziarski Wladyslaw - 18
Piekart Witold – 20
Uziebło Zygmund – 21

Killed on 06.04.1946
Perished for the independence of Poland.
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Solidarity Movement monument, Siedlce

Solidarity Movement monument, Siedlce

I could not read the inscription below the emblem of the movement. There was only one word to be read among the damaged ones, "agricultural".

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We visited the monument that stands in front of School 5. The monument stands at the mass grave of the heroes of the Uprising of 1863, who were ruthlessly executed by the Russian invaders.

The monument to the heroes of the Uprising of 1863, Siedlce

The monument to the heroes of the Uprising of 1863, Siedlce

The central memorial plaque reads,
To the insurgents, who defended their homeland during the uprising of 1863 and were executed by the invaders at this place.

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There are two other memorial plaques that contain the names of the Polish patriots, who fought against the Russian invaders during the Uprising of 1863:

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Konstanty Micewicz, died on 15.07.1863
Dr. Władysław Czarkowski (“Chaika”), died on 29.07.1863.
Adam Radowicki, died on 24.08.1863.
Felix Obniski, died on 5.10.1863.
Ignacy Wieckowski, died on 10.12.1863
Wladyslaw Rawicz, the Civil Head of the Voivodship of Podlasie, died on 21.11.1863.
Mikolay Moritz, died on 9.03.1863.
Aleksander Olszewski, died on 9.03.1863.
Aleksander Czarnecki (“Boncha"), died on 15.06.1863

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Władysław Rawicz (1832 – 1863) was a Polish soldier and civil governor of the Podlaskie Voivodeship. After the outbreak of the January Uprising of 1861, he sent a memorandum to the Provisional National Government, in which he appealed for the cessation of hostilities. He supported the insurgents by providing them with food and clothing. In May 1863, he was appointed the head of the Siedlce district, then he became the deputy civil head of the Podlaskie Voivodeship, and finally, the head of this province. He organized a detachment of mounted riflemen in the strength of 40 soldiers and efficiently managed the war preparations in the province. He also maintained a well-functioning post office and administration.
On 27 September 1863, Rawicz was arrested by the Russian authorities and, after an expedited trial, hastily executed by them. Władysław Rawicz was buried in a mass grave located at 3 Orlicz-Dreszer Street now.
In 1930, Vice-President of Siedlce Stanisław Zdanowski proposed a project to build a school on the site where Władysław Rawicz died and was buried in 1863, so that young people studying in that school would follow the example of those who died for freedom. The school was built in 1932 and chose this hero as its patron. Shrouded in legends, Władysław Rawicz became a hero of Podlasie. A poem was dedicated to him by Teofil Lenartowicz.

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We saw an interesting monument to Mother and Child at the entrance to the City Hospital in Starowejska Street.

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Polish Scouts centinary monument, Siedlce

Like in many other towns and cities, there is a monument to the Polish president Lech Kachinski, who perished during an air crash on April 10, 2010 in Russia.

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President Lech Kachincky monument, Siedlce.
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The Historic Water Tower ("Wieza Cisnien" in Polish) in Green Street is an industrial monument in Siedlce.
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We also saw several roadside crosses and chapels on our way.
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We also discovered this interesting roadside chapel while walking along Florianska Street towards the southern outskirts of the city:
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A roadside chapel in Florianska Street, Siedlce
A roadside chapel in Hozer Street, Siedlce

A roadside chapel in Hozer Street, Siedlce


The inscription on the pedestal reads, Mother of the Lord, Unity and Peace, keep us in your care.

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Holy Cross Chapel (that is closed for renovation now) belongs to the former palace complex. The chapel was designed by Zygmunt Vogel and built in 1791 as a palace chapel on the the site of the first church. The construction was administered by Aleksandra Oginska.

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Holy Spirit Chapel, Siedlce


The memorial plaque over the entrance door of Holy Spirit Chapel, Siedlce

The memorial plaque over the entrance door of Holy Spirit Chapel, Siedlce

The inscription on the black memorial plaque above the entrance is taken from the Bible (1 Chronicles 29:6–20). It reads, Thy is the work, and what we have taken from thy hands, we have offered thee.
After the death of the duchess in 1798, Holy Spirit Chapel became Aleksandra Ogińska's burial chapel. The classisist chapel has an octagonal form covered with a dome. On three sides it is decorated with porticos with Tuscan columns.

Holy Spirit Chapel, Siedlce

Holy Spirit Chapel, Siedlce

Its eastern side contains a funerary statue, a portico with a broken column and the monograms of A.O.

The eastern side of Holy Spirit Chapel with a portico and a broken column, Siedlce

The eastern side of Holy Spirit Chapel with a portico and a broken column, Siedlce


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The main door knockers are especially impressive. They are in the form of lion's heads.
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The monument to Aleksandra Ogińska in Aleksandra Park, Siedlce/The coat-of-arms of the Chartoryiskis in Alexandria Park
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The monument to firefighters, Siedlce:
To commemorate the 110th anniversary of the formation of the firefighters service of Siedlce region.
"To those who protect our lives and property".
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During a walk about the city, we discovered this interesting monument at the entrance to a secondary school. It's the only monument to a school jubilee in Siedlce. The memorial plaque reads, "You have to remember where it came from" – C.K.Norwid
To commemorate the 110th anniversary of School No. 2 named after Gabriel Narutowicz
To all whose work and education created the history of this school
, Siedlce, 2022

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School No. 2 named after Gabriel Narutowicz, Siedlce

Another school courtyard (School 6) is a refuge for a nice monument to a national hero whose name is immortalized in one of the city street.

The monument to General Józef Bem, Siedlce

The monument to General Józef Bem, Siedlce

Józef Bem (14 March 1794 – 10 December 1850) was a famous Polish general and freedom fighter. He is a national hero of Poland and Hungary. Bem also fought outside Poland's borders anywhere his leadership and military skills were needed.

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General Wladislav Sikorski monument, Siedlce

General Wladislav Sikorski monument, Siedlce


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You can see a huge pole in front of the railway station. The pole commemorates twinned cities: Siedlce and Dacing (Germany). The inscription under the coats-of-arms oа Siedlce and Dacing is signed by the resideтts of the German twin-city. It reads, "Friendly greetings to the city of Siedlce from Dacing, May 13, 2006".

Craft Workshop Pole, Siedlce

Craft Workshop Pole, Siedlce

Siedlce and Dacing (Germany) are twin-cities

Siedlce and Dacing (Germany) are twin-cities


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The iscription on the memorial stone at the foot of the cross contains the coats-of-arms of Siedlce and Dacing and reads,
Siedlce and Dacing are twin-cities for twenty years, 2008-2018.

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There are emblems of each craft workshop above the coats-of-arms of the twinned cities (from lower to higher ones):

  • car locksmiths' shop and butchers' shop;
  • bakers' shop and confectioners' shop;
  • shoemakers' shop and upholsters' shop;
  • tailors' shop and hairdressers' shop;
  • locksmiths' shop and tinsmiths' shop;
  • potters' shop and builders' shop.

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We liked the old, but renovated monument to Olympic Sailing that stands on the shore of the Mukhavka Pond next to Cicha Stanica Station ("Quiet Station"). It looks like amateur work, but it is well-kept and attractive.

Olympic sailing monument, the Mukhavka Pond, Siedlce

Olympic sailing monument, the Mukhavka Pond, Siedlce


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Posted by Vic_IV 20:40 Archived in Poland Tagged masovia mazovia siedlce oginski

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Comments

A good variety of monuments. I like the one with the figure on the bench. I like ones you can interact with.

by irenevt

That's right, Irene. This monument is very popular indeed. As you see, the statue's nose is shining. Many people tend to rub his nose as a sign of good luck...

by Vic_IV

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